The bulbourethral glands, also known as Cowper’s glands, are pair of small exocrine glands located at the base of the penis They producing a clear, alkaline fluid called Cowper’s fluid, which is secreted during sexual arousal and helps to lubricate the urethra and neutralize any acidic urine that may be present. This secretion often precedes ejaculation and is sometimes noticed as “pre-ejaculate.” It may also help to flush out any sperm that may be remaining in the urethra from previous ejaculations.
The vaginal walls do indeed have folds, and these folds contribute to the unique anatomy and function of the vagina. The folds of tissue help to trap moisture and create a lubricating surface, which can facilitate sexual intercourse and help to protect the vaginal lining from irritation
Menstruation is a woman’s monthly normal vaginal bleeding, often called the period.
When a baby girl is born, her ovaries contain hundreds of thousands of eggs, which stay inactive until puberty begins.
There isn’t one right age for a girl to get her period but Most girls get their first period about 2 years after their breasts start to develop. when they’re between age 10 and 15 but it’s different, every girl’s body has its own schedule. two structures in the brain, the pituitary gland, and the hypothalamus produce complex hormones that stimulate the ovaries to make female sex hormones start and control The menstrual cycle. and it will continue to about age 51 . usually lasting from three to 8 days.
How does Menstruation occur in a woman's body?
The pituitary gland (located at the base of the brain) releases a hormone called FSH. This hormone
causes one fluid-filled “follicles contain a mature egg to develop. The maturing follicle produces the
hormone called estrogen. which increases over and peaks in about day 12 and causes The lining of the
uterus (endometrium) to become thicker and more enriched with blood vessels.in fact, the women’s
body prepares to get pregnant.
On about day 14, the high amount of LH and FSH cause the egg to be released from the follicle, the high
level of LH also causes a brief surge in testosterone, which increases sex drive, right at the most fertile
time of the cycle.
After release, the egg enters the fallopian tube. tiny hairs in the tube’s lining help push it down the
narrow passageway toward the uterus. if the sperm cell can successfully meet an egg cell in the fallopian
tube, the fertilization will take place here. Once the egg is released, the follicle seals over and this is
called the corpus luteum.
After the release of the egg, levels of FSH and LH decrease. The corpus luteum produces progesterone If
the egg is not fertilized, it disintegrates after about 24 hours
. If fertilization has occurred, the corpus luteum continues to produce progesterone which prevents the
endometrial lining from being shed. If the egg is not fertilized, it disintegrates after about 24 hours then
the corpus luteum also disintegrates, which causes progesterone levels to drop and signals the
endometrial lining to begin shedding after about 14 days.
The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus. It passes out of the body
through the vagina.
the period comes again every 24-38 days from the first day of one period to the first day of the next.
Besides bleeding from the vagina, you may have:
• Abdominal or pelvic cramping pain
• Lower back pain
• Bloating and sore breasts
• Food cravings
• Mood swings and irritability
• Headache fatigue
Human papillomavirus- or HPV
Human papillomavirus, or HPV, is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections. Every
sexually active person will likely get HPV at some point in their life. Over 100 human papillomaviruses
have been identified, and about 40 types can infect your genital area, mouth, and throat. These types of
HPV are spread during sexual skin-to-skin contact with someone who has it.
The virus can enter the epidermis’s basal layer through tiny skin breaks. In most cases, your body’s
immune system defeats an HPV infection before it creates warts. Once inside, the virus triggers cell
growth. This allows the virus to make even more copies of itself. All those extra cells are what cause
warts, a potential symptom of HPV. Most people with HPV have no symptoms, but they can still pass the
virus to so others. Most genital HPV goes away on their own, but in cases where HPV sticks around, it
can Couse either genital warts or different kinds of cancer.
It’s important to remember that even with these preventive measures, no method is 100% effective in preventing HPV. Open communication with your healthcare provider and partners about your sexual health and risk factors is essential for making informed decisions and staying healthy.